In general waste is a substance that is not needed for any direct use and recommended to be disposed permanently. Waste can be in liquid, solid or gas form and most of the time it is considered hazardous to the surrounding if it has characteristics such as being reactive, flammable, corrosive, explosive, radioactive, infectious, sensitizing, irritating or bio-cumulative. However, medical waste is limited to few of these characteristics like infections and other waste that may come from an ordinary medical institution such as hospitals, clinics, medical laboratories and dental clinics. Due to the potential risks towards the health of humans and the surrounding environment of the society management of waste from medical centers has become a very vital aspect to be concerned with. To understand more about biomedical waste services just view the link. There have been methods innovated by medical experts on how to manage the medical wastes to prevent or reduce the hazards that come from medical waste. Non-hazardous waste gets contaminated with hazardous waste making the entire waste hazardous. However, a method known as segregation has been formed to assist in such situations. Segregation reduces the toxicity of the waste which is very important and also reduces the volume of the waste. In fact, segregation makes it easier in transporting the medical waste. Another way to manage medical waste is by separating the different types of medical waste. Sharps and pathological and infections wastes are all put in different containers. Acquire more information about medical waste disposal. These containers are made to be air tight, each type of medical waste has a container with a unique color representing it and the containers are also labeled "biohazard" to notify the people around where to put normal waste and the medical waste. Medical wastes are also managed by disinfecting, whereby the toxicity of the waste is reduced by disinfecting some of the medical wastes with chemical disinfectants such as sodium hypochlorite or chlorine dioxide. Another way of effectively manage medical waste is by incineration, a process that destructs the medical waste by burning it in a furnace under very high temperatures. This method reduces the medical waste into ash which is harmless, this way it would have reduced the volume and removed the material that hazardous to humans. For more insights about medical waste management https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_management.
There are more methods than the ones discussed above that may be used to manage medical wastes. It is well known that medical wastes are very harmful to everyone and everything; therefore, it is very important for medical waste control or management techniques to be understood and implemented.